Cowboys appeared in Texas as a result of the
colonization encouraged by Mexico.
In 1822 there were 150 settlers in Texas. By 1836
there were 36,000 settlers. The cattle and horses introduced by the Spanish explorers had multiplied and were available
in great numbers to anyone who could catch them. The Mexican vaquero, Anglo and black cowboy had fully evolved by the
end of the Civil War. The combination of land, freedom, horses, and cattle had become the state of mind called Texas.